China is a significant net creditor to the rest of the world. At the end of 2020, its foreign assets totaled US$8,704 billion, or 59.1% of GDP, compared with foreign liabilities of US$6,554 billion, or 44.5% of GDP.
Nonetheless, earnings on foreign liabilities (foreign capital in China) substantially exceed those on foreign assets (China’s investment abroad). In fact, the average rate of return of 6.0% on inbound capital in 2020 was double that on outbound capital.
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